AFP blip on the news screen today. Take notice. The arrival of a China-Iran container-carrier train is a first, inaugerating cross continental railway trade between China and Europe with Iran at the center of the New (old) Silk Road. Billions in development
First Chinese Train Arrives in Tehran to Revive Silk Road
AFB: Iran’s state TV says the first Chinese commercial train has arrived in Tehran to revive the Silk Road — an ancient network of trade routes running through Asia.
Monday’s report quotes Mohsen Pourseyed Aghaie, Iran’s deputy transport minister, as saying a container train arrived in Tehran after a 14-day journey from eastern China.
Aghaie says the railway saves transit time comparing to the sea route from Shanghai to Iranian ports. He says Iran plans to extend the route to Europe.
The journey from Zhejiang in eastern China, crossed Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan and was 9,500 km trip, 30 days shorter than a sea route from Shanghai to Bandar Abbas. Under construction are the next phases of the New Silk Road — cross-continent High-speed rail with linked maritime corridors; long-term energy supplies with strategic agreements; banking with overarching trade agreements, currency exchange, anchored by the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
The connections between Chinese manufacturing and Eurasian markets is a strategic, economic move of immense reach and implication. The Chinese economic plan looks to build for a future far different than seen by the US.
The New Silk Roads could be the largest economic development scheme on the face of the earth. The Financial Times article compares it to the US-led Marshall Plan after WWII:
If the sum total of China’s commitments are taken at face value, the new Silk Road is set to become the largest programme of economic diplomacy since the US-led Marshall Plan for postwar reconstruction in Europe, covering dozens of countries with a total population of over 3bn people.
Vision and Action: The Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road
Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs / Ministry of Commerce
- The Silk Road strategy coincides with the aftermath of an investment boom that has left vast overcapacity and a need to find new markets abroad
- China’s western frontiers and its central Asian neighbors are home to vast reserves of oil and gas
- “One of the clear objectives is to get more contracts for Chinese construction companies overseas” (FT)
- Railways, roads and pipelines will enable China to avoid a strategic vulnerability — the Strait of Malacca, through which about 75 per cent of its oil imports pass
- Noting recent Chinese actions/deployments in the South China Sea to assure security of trade routes